Enid Mary BlytonAnkit
ENID MARY BLYTON (11 August 1897 – 28 November 1968) was a British children’s writer also known as MARY POLLOCK. She was one of the most successful children’s storytellers of the 20th century.
Noted for numerous series of books based on recurring characters and designed for different age groups, her books have enjoyed popular success in many parts of the world, and have sold over 600 million copies. Blyton is the fifth most translated author worldwide; over 3,544 translations of her books were available in 2007 according to UNESCO’s Index Translationum.
One of Blyton’s most widely known characters is Noddy, intended for early years readers. However, her main work is the genre of young readers’ novels in which children have their own adventures with minimal adult help. Series of this type include the Famous Five (21 novels, 1942–1963, based on four children and their dog), the Five Find-Outers and Dog, (15 novels, 1943–1961, where five children regularly outwit the local police) as well as The Secret Seven (15 novels, 1949–1963, a society of seven children who solve various mysteries).
Her work involves children’s adventure stories, and fantasy, sometimes involving magic. Her books were and still are enormously popular throughout the Commonwealth as translations in the former Yugoslavia, Japan; as adaptations in Arabic; and across most of the globe. Her work has been translated into nearly 90 languages.
Blyton’s literary output was of an estimated 800 books over roughly 40 years. Chorion Limited of London now owns and handles the intellectual properties and character brands of Blyton’s Noddy and the Famous Five.
MOST SUCCESSFUL WORKS
- The Five Find-Outers( Also known as Enid Blyton’s Mystery series)
- The Famous Five series
- The Adventure series
- The Noddy books
- The Secret Seven series
- The Malory Towers series
- The St. Clare’s series
- The Wishing-Chair series
- The Magic Faraway Tree series
- The Barney Mystery series
- The Circus series
- The Mistletoes Farm series
- The Naughtiest Girl series
- The Young Adventurers Series
- The Adventurous Four Series
- The Family Series
- The Family Adventures Series
- The Secret Series
Blyton wrote hundreds of other books for young and older children: novels, story collections and some non-fiction. She also filled a large number of magazine pages, particularly the long-running Sunny Stories which were immensely popular among younger children.
An estimate puts her total book publication at around 800 titles, not including decades of magazine writing.It is said that at one point in her career she regularly produced 10,000 words a day.
Such prolific output led many to believe that some of her work was ghost-written, but as yet, no ghost writers have come forward. She used a pseudonym Mary Pollock for a few titles (middle name plus first married name). The last volumes in her most famous series were published in 1963. Many books still appeared after that, but were mainly story books made up from re-cycled work.
Blyton also wrote numerous books on nature and Biblical themes. Her story The Land of Far-Beyond is a Christian parable along the lines of John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress, with modern children as the central characters. She also produced retellings of Old Testament and New Testament stories.
Enid Blyton was a prolific author of short stories. These were first published, for the most part, in Sunny Stories, an Enid Blyton magazine, or other children’s papers.
She also used to explore the forests when she was a little girl and wrote of her dreams in a notebook kept by her bedside.
CONTROVERSIES AND REVISIONS
Blyton’s status as a bestselling author is in spite of disapproval of her works from various perspectives, which has led to altered reprints of the books and withdrawals or “bans” from libraries. In the 1990s, Chorion, the owners of Blyton’s works, edited her books to remove passages that were deemed racist or sexist. The children’s author Anne Fine presented an overview of the concerns about Blyton’s work and responses to them on BBC Radio in November 2008, in which she noted the “drip, drip, drip of disapproval” associated with the books.